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St Martin's School

St Martin'sSchool

Term 5

Our topic this term is entitled 'Crime and Punishment'.

How has crime and punishment changed over time? Throughout the UK, the police force uses their knowledge and authority to keep our communities safe. We will be learning how the role of the police has changed throughout history and how this is reflected in the crimes and punishments which take place. We will focus on crime and punishment as an aspect of British history that has developed over time.  

As studious historians, we will be able to compare and contrast crimes and punishments throughout different periods of history. We will learn to devise historically valid questions about change and the impact on this on modern living.  We will learn about crime and punishment in different historical periods (including Romans and Tudors) in chronological order and how these ideas have adapted throughout history and are now used in the modern day.  

As a reflective thinker, I will use our knowledge of current affairs (gender, equality, racism) to debate and justify our opinions on historical crimes and punishment. I will learn about primary and secondary sources so that how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources. We will consider our own opinions and use a variety of sources to justify thoughts and answers.

As members of our local community, we will be visited by a local police officer. We will use our knowledge of British Values to ask questions about 21st century crime and punishment. During this time, we can ask historically valid questions about change and significance to further our knowledge that we have previous learned.



In Term 5 year 5 have been learning all things ‘Crime and Punishment’. We went to the secret garden to read our class text, The Highwayman, but we found a note on the door warning us that he had already been and left us some clues. We searched the garden and found various clues to help us work out what had happened. We brought them into class and decided we would focus all of our efforts on the investigation. We recorded the evidence and gave theories as to why we thought it was important. We made wanted posters to help raise awareness of the Highwayman and the crimes he had committed. Finally, we created crime watch reports where we informed the public of what had been happening at our school.



We have been learning about how various crimes were punished throughout history. When looking at the punishments in the Victorian era, we learned about the crank, the shot drill, the tread wheel and picking oaken. We experienced what it would have been like to do these punishments for hours and hours. We also following strict rules: No complaining, no talking and everything had to be done straight away.